Dipoles and Electrostatic Surfaces

Hydration of Carbonyl Compounds

Use the buttons to display the dipoles, charges and electrostatic potential mapped onto the surface of each molecule. Red regions are nucleophilic (electron rich) and blue regions are electrophilic (electron poor)

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Formaldehyde chloral hydrate hexafluoroacetone

Click the structures to load various aldehydes and ketones that are highly hydrated

More molecules: Small Polar | Conjugated | Lone Pair Conjugation | Carbonyl Hydration