Dipoles and Electrostatic Surfaces

Examples of Unsaturated Molecules

Use the buttons to display the dipoles, charges and electrostatic potential mapped onto the surface of each molecule. Red regions are nucleophilic (electron rich) and blue regions are electrophilic (electron poor)

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More advanced

benzene ethene acetylene allene methyl vinyl ketone acetone

Click the structures to load examples of pi-bonding in alkenes, alkynes and aromatics and conjugation (or not) with ketones

More molecules: Small Polar | Conjugated | Lone Pair Conjugation | Carbonyl Hydration