Thiophene formation

Lawesson's reagent

  1. 'Click' the different stages to view 3D models of the selected reaction mechanisms: Sn2

To convert the ketone groups into C=S (thiocarbonyl) groups, in theory, H2S could be used, however in practice, electrophilic reagents are used instead. In this example a large reagent called Lawesson's reagent is used, P2S5 could also be used.

Sn2

Lawesson's reagent must first split in an unfavorable reversible reaction before it can be react.


Sn2

The thionating step involves the one half of the split Lawesson's reagent and the diketone.


Sn2

The final step is the cyclisation to the aromatic thiophene. Thioketones are much less stable than ketones, so the cyclization is fast

T. Ozturk, E. Ertas and O. Mert, Chem. Rev., 2007, 107, 5210–5278.

 

 

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