Nucleophilic Substitution at Saturated Carbon

A simple SN2 reaction

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Click the structures and reaction arrows in sequence to view the 3D models and animations respectively


In an SN2 reaction there is just one step, this must be the rate-determining step. The transitition state for an SN2 reaction is the point about halfway through the slow step where the combined reagents reach their highest energy.

Other pages of interest to do with Animated Molecular Orbitals are

Introduction to Animated Molecular Orbitals | Introductory Organic Reactions

E. D. Hughes, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1941, 37, 603.

A. R. Katritzky and B. E. Brycki, J. Phys. Org. Chem., 1988, 1, 1–20.