Vilsmeier - Nucleophilic Substitution Tutorial

Tutorial and Self Assessment Available Pyrrole - Vilsmeier

Nucleophilic Substitution (Electrophilic substitution on pyrrole)

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NOTE: Important charges and non-bonding electrons are shown throughout the animation except during the transition phase

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The iminium cation reacts with pyrrole to give a more stable iminium salt. The extra stability comes from the conjugation between the pyrrole nitrogen and the iminium group.

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